Day TWO – Quran Summaries for Study Purposes by Various Scholars
Tonight’s Taraweeh consists of the last three-quarter of Sayaqûl andthe first half of Tilka r-Rusul.
The Sûrah covered is the last third of Al-Baqara.
Earlier we were told how Ibrâhîm (AS) together with his son Ismâ’îl (AS) built the Ka’ba, which stood for Islamic unity. By the very fact that Ibrâhîm (AS) had prayed thus with his son: “O our Lord! Make us among those who submit to Your Will and make from our offspring an Umma (community) which bows down to Your Will”, it shows that an slamic Umma (community) had already been essliderlished. The symbol of its unity was the Ka’ba.
Now, rules and regulations are laid down for this Muslim Brotherhood to follow (since no organization or body can exist for some time without any rules). The rules cover two aspects: Huqûq Allah and Huqûq al-‘ibâd. The first deals with man’s relationship with Allah (SWT), and the second deals with man’s relationship with man. The Qur’ân emphasises that righteousness does not simply mean restricting ourselves to the outward observance of rituals, but in having deep-rooted faith (îmân), showing kindness, performing prayer (salât) and giving charity (zakât) after bearing their spirit in mind, exercising patience (sabr) under suffering
and displaying good moral values in general. Rules are also laid down relating to food and drink, laws of inheritance, fasting, jihad, wine and gambling, good treatment of orphans and women and the prohibition from taking interest. In short, if one wishes to be a good Muslim, one has to follow the commandments of Allah (SWT) and be an asset to one’s community and also look after one’s own health. Nothing short of this can make a person a true Muslim.
The subject of Jihâd is further discussed with reference to Dâwûd (AS)’s slaying of Jâlût (Goliath). Dâwûd (AS) was given great physical strength to kill his enemy and defend Islam. On the other hand, ‘Isâ (AS) was strengthened “with the Divine Word of Allah (SWT)” to aid the cause of Islam. Mûsâ (AS) called upon his followers to kill their evil desires (reference to ‘Isâ (AS) and Mûsâ (AS) in connection with Jihâd were covered in the 1st taraweeh). From examples of these three prophets we learn that Jihâd works at three levels:
1) Arming one’ self with the truth;
2) Fighting one’s baser and animal self, so that Islam within one’s heart remains strong and guard;
3) Fighting one’s enemies for the defence of Islam, in order that Islam remains well guarded externally.
Rasûl (SAW), “the most perfect example to mankind,” had all these three qualities for his Jihâd.
In short, we are told that real goodness lies in practical deeds of kindness, good faith and manliness. Allah (SWT)’s qualities are discussed in the beautiful and sublime Ayat al-Kursî, the verse of the Throne. There are just two aspects left before the Sûrah can come to its logical end. The first is a call from Allah (SWT) to mankind, urging the latter to have faith in the rules and regulations laid down in this Sûrah. This faith must be followed by practical deeds (obedience) which must obviously arise from a sense of personal responsibility. Secondly, man is once more taught a beautiful prayer. Man might not be able to follow Allah (SWT)’s guidance perfectly in both letter and spirit (or in letter but not in spirit); hence it is here that man turns to Divine Help once more. (Note to the speaker: Please read out the appropriate du’âs of verses 285 and 286 with their translation).
Mufti Elias also has a separate summary on one Juz per nigh schedule. This summary is from “The Gift of Tarawih” by Moulana Abdurraheem Falahi as translated and edited by Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias (2002)
Tonights summary of the second Tarawîh begins at the second quarter of the second Juz and concludes midway into the third Juz (at verse 18 of Sûrah Âl Imrân). To a very large extent, Sûrah Baqara discusses the complete message of Islâm, dealing with matters such as the rights of Allâh, the rights of man, the method of living and the principles of social interaction. It also outlines laws pertaining to Salâh, Zakâh and Haj.
In addition to this, charity, social welfare, mutual consultation, marriage, divorce, Iddah [waiting period after a woman is divorced or widowed], bequests, commerce and giving loans are also discussed. The Sûrah also presents many commands and prohibitions, devoting much attention to matters that are permissible and those that are not. These may be referred to as a complete code of life. The details of Imân and the criteria of Imân are also discussed in this part of the Sûrah. Allâh emphasises that people should believe in Allâh, His Rasul it, the Day of Qiyâmah, the angels, all His other Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm and all the Divine Scriptures that were revealed to various Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm during their respective periods. Allâh also commands Muslims to spend generously on their parents, relatives, the poor, orphans, travellers and those slaves who wish to purchase their freedom. Allâh commands that a murderer be executed [Qisâs].
However, if the heirs of the murdered person choose to rather accept the blood money, it will have to be paid. Fasting is ordained in this Sûrah, but people who are unable to fast have been granted certain concessions. Allâh makes it clear that marriage of Muslims to Mushrikîn men and women is prohibited. In addition to this, the Sûrah makes it clear that children are allowed to be suckled for a maximum period of two years. End of Second Juz Beginning of Third Juz Allâh declares all interest– related transactions to be undeniably Harâm towards the end of Sûrah Baqara.
The Sûrah also relates the incidents of two Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm whose hearts Allâh put at ease when He demonstrated to them how He resurrects the dead. Throughout Sûrah Baqara, Allâh repeatedly emphasises the importance of pondering over the verses of the Qur’ân. At the very end of the Sûrah, Allâh teaches man the method of making du’â as well as the words to be used. The first eighteen verses of Sûrah Âl Imrân make it clear that only Allâh is worthy of worship, that the Day of Qiyâmah will certainly dawn and that the people will definitely be rewarded and punished for their actions.
Allâh tells mankind that the Qur’ân was revealed to distinguish between truth and falsehood. Allâh also speaks of the Battle of Badr in this Sûrah. If the Mu’minîn were to ponder about the stunning victory that the Muslims earned in this battle, they can learn volumes about Allâh’s power. The true Mu’minîn are defined as people who persevere through hardships, who spend their wealth in Allâh’s way and awaken during the latter part of the night to beg pardon from Allâh.
Source: Gift of Tarawîh ( Mufti Elias ) Courtesy: www.everymuslim.net
Taraweeh Salaah – Night 2
By Sheikh Abdul Hamid Lachporia – Canada
In the Name of Almighty Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Tonight’s Tarawee consists of the last three quarters of Sayakool and the First Half of Tilka. The Surah covered is the final third of Surah Al-Baqara
In the very first Sipara, we are told how Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam, together with his son Hazrat Isma’il Alayhis Salaam built the Holy Ka’bah, which stood for the centre of Tawhid and the Unity of Islam. Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam prayed upon completing the construction of the Holy Ka’bah: “O our Lord! Make us among those who submit to Your Will and make our offspring an Ummah that bows down to Your Will.” Upon this, the brotherhood of theMuslim Ummah was essliderlished and the symbol of that unity was the Holy Ka’bah.
The rules of of Huqooq-ul-la and Huqooq-ul-Ibad were laid down for the Muslim Ummah. Huqooq-ul-la dealt with mankind’s relationship with Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal while Huqooqul-Ibad dealth with man’s relationship with his fellow man. The Most Glorious and Noble Qur’an emphasizes that righteousness does not by any stretch of the imagination mean that doing things whose importance cannot be comprehended, but in faith, (Imaan), kindness, prayer, Ibadah, Charity, Zakaat, patience, Sabr, caring and sharing, adversity under suffering and good moral conduct and behaviour in general.
Rules and regulations are laid down relating to Halal and Haram foods, Laws of inheritance, fasting, Jihad, Drinking and gambling; treatment of orphans, and women, prohibition from taking interest (Ribah) etc. In short, if one desires to be a good Muh’min, he or she must follow the Divine Commandments of Almighty Allah Exalted. Nothing short of this can make a Muh’min a true and confirmed Muslim.
The subject of Jihad is discussed with reference to Nabee Dawood Alayhis Salaam battle with Jalut (Goliath) and his ultimate victory. Nabee Dawood Alayhis Salaam was blessed with great physical strength. He was a true and mighty defender of Almighty Allah’s Din. We are also told about Nabee Isa Alayhis Salaam and how he was strengthened with the “Divine Word of Rabbul Ala’meen”. We learn how Nabee Moosa Alayhis Salaam called upon the Bani Isra’eel to cease their evil ways.
References to Nabee Isa and Nabee Moosa Alayhim Salaam regarding the question of Jihad was covered the first night of Tarawee. From the examples of these three great prophets – Alayhim Salaam, we are informed how the three levels of Jihad work: (1) Arming oneself with nothing but the truth (2) fighting and overcoming the evils within ourselves and replacing it with true Imaan (3) Defending the Glorious Din of Al-Islam.
As Muslims, we know that our beloved Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam was Rahmatul Liel Ala’meen and that he possessed all these qualities for His Jihad.
In conclusion we are told that true goodness lies in practical deeds of Muhabbat, kindness, strong Imaan and manliness. Almighty Allah’s Nature is discussed in the most beautiful, eloquent and sublime Ayat-ul-Kursi – the Verse of the Throne. There are two major aspects remaining before the Surah comes to an end. The first is an announcement from Almighty Rabbul Ala’meen to mankind urging man to have true faith in the Divine Commandments and that our faith must be proven by our personal responsibilities as true believers. Secondly, man is taught a beautiful prayer and that he should forever turn to none other than the Most Glorious Creator and Sustainer for all his needs.
Note to the Khateeb or Speaker: It would be advisable to recite verses 285 and 286 together with its meanings.